Glossary of Deities

Greek Deities

  • Zeus: Divine God

  • Hera: Wife of Zeus, Mother Goddess

  • Apollo: God of prophecy, archery, and music

  • Aphrodite: Goddess of love

  • Ariadne: Goddess of the labyrinth

  • Aries: God of action and war

  • Artemis: Goddess of the hunt and protection

  • Athena: Goddess of war and wisdom

  • Calliope: Muse of epic poetry(female)

  • Clio: Muse of history(female)

  • Demeter: Earth goddess

  • Dionysus: God of wine and ecstasy

  • Eileithia: Goddess of childbirth

  • Erato: Muse of love poetry(female)

  • Eros: God of love

  • Euterpe: Muse of music(female)

  • Gaia: Primal earth goddess

  • Hecate: Goddess of Witchcraft, ghosts, crossroads, and the dead

  • Hades: God of the Underworld

  • Helios: God of the sun

  • Hephaistos: God of sun, fire, and forge

  • Hermes: Messenger to the gods

  • Hestia: Goddess of hearth and home

  • Melpomene: Muse of tragedy(female)

  • Metis: Wisdom

  • Moerae: Three goddesses of fate — Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos

  • Mnemosyne: Goddess of memory, mother of Muses

  • Nike: Goddess of victory

  • Pan: God of the forests

  • Persephone: Queen of the underworld

  • Phoebe: Goddess of the moon

  • Polyhymnia: Muse of singing(female)

  • Poseidon: God of the sea

  • Psyche: Goddess of the soul

  • Terpsichore: Muse of dance(female)

  • Tethys: Goddess of the sea

  • Thalia: Muse of comedy(female)

  • Urania: Muse of astronomy(female)

Archangels

  • Archangel Ariel: Overseer of nature, the regulator of the underworld

  • Archangel Azrael: Grief counselor, “Angel of death”

  • Archangel Chamuel: Strength and courage through severity, “he who sees God”

  • Archangel Gabriel: Messenger of God, patron saint of communication workers

  • Archangel Haniel: “God’s Will,” humans free will, embodiment of earthly love, intuition, imagination, and emotions

  • Archangel Jeremiel: Spiritual visions and clairvoyance, conducts life reviews

  • Archangel Jophiel: Positive viewpoints, feelings, home and office, personal self

  • Archangel Metatron: Esoteric wisdom, scribe of God

  • Archangel Michael: Slays ego and fear, protection, travel protection, job protection, life purpose guidance

  • Archangel Raguel: healing arguments or misunderstandings, bringing harmony to situations, and attracting new friends

  • Archangel Raphael: “Medicine doctor,” general healing, good health while traveling

  • Archangel Raziel: soul lesson recollection, healing painful memories and past traumas, helps with moving forward

  • Archangel Sandalphon: intercessor for prayers between humans and God, determining gender of a coming child, patron to musicians

  • Archangel Uriel: intellect, protection of humankind, illuminating minds with information, ideas, and insights, helps with studying or test taking

  • Archangel Zadkiel: helping students remember facts/figures for tests, healing painful memories, choosing forgiveness

Norse/Germanic Deities

  • Aegir: God of the sea(Germanic)

  • The Aesir: The youngest branch of the family of gods(Germanic)

  • Baba Yaga: Avenger of women(Slavic)

  • Buri: Ancestor of the gods(Germanic)

  • Dazhbog: God of the sun(Slavic)

  • Forseti: God of justice(Germanic)

  • Freyja: Goddess of fertility(Germanic)

  • Frigg: Queen of the Gods

  • Gefion: Goddess of fertility(Germanic)

  • Hel: Goddess of the underworld and the dead(Germanic)

  • Huginn and Muninn: Ravens — Thought and Memory — belonging to Odin; messengers(Germanic)

  • Idun: Goddess of youth and apples(Germanic)

  • Jumala: Creator god of Finnish mythology

  • Kied Kie Jubmel: Lord of the herbs, stone god(Lapp)

  • Leib-Olmai: Lord of the bears(Lapp)

  • Loki: God of fire(Germanic)

  • Luonnotar: Creatrix goddess(Finnish)

  • Madder-Akka and Madder-Atcha: Divine couple who created humankind(Lapp)

  • Mati Syra Zemlya: Moist Earth Mother(Slavic)

  • Menu: Moon god(Baltic)

  • Nerthus: Mother Goddess(Germanic)

  • Njord: God of the sea(Germanic)

  • Norns: Goddesses of Fate — Urd(Past), Verdandi(Present), Skuld(Future) (Germanic)

  • Odin: Father of the gods; gifted in eloquence 

  • Perunu: God of thunder(Slavic)

  • Potrimpo: God of fertility(Slavic)

  • Rig: Watchman of the gods(Germanic)

  • Saule: Goddess of the sun(Slavic)

  • Skadi: Goddess of vengeance and the hunt(Germanic)

  • Svarazic: God of fire(Slavic)

  • Tapio: God of the forest(Finnish)

  • Thor: God of thunder(Germanic)

  • Tuoni: God of the dead(Finnish)

  • Tyr(Tiwaz) God of the sky and bravery(Germanic)

  • Valkyries: Female battle and shield maidens who take brave warriors to Valhalla, the idyllic abode of Odin’s ghostly army(Germanic)

  • The Vanir: The older of the two branches of the Germanic family of gods

  • Vidar: God of justice(Germanic)

Roman Deities

  • Jupiter: Great God; storms, thunder, and lightening

  • Juno: Queen of Gods; women, marriage, childbirth, household prosperity

  • Apollo: God of the sun, music, poetry, fine arts, prophecy, eloquence, and medicine

  • Bacchus: God of liquid spirits, fruits, and parties

  • Ceres: Goddess of harvest, agriculture, fertility, and fruitfulness

  • Cupid: God of love and passion

  • Diana: Goddess of the moon, hunting, children, and Witches

  • Fannus: God of the woodlands

  • Fates: Three goddesses of destiny; daughters of the night

  • Flora: Goddess of nature

  • Furies: Goddesses of vengeance

  • Janus: Two-faced god of beginnings

  • Mars: God of war and action

  • Mercury: Messenger of the gods, trace and commerce, travelers

  • Minerva: Goddess of wisdom, practical arts, and war

  • Neptune: God of the sea, earthquakes, and horses

  • Pluto: God of the underworld

  • Saturn: God of harvest and golden ages in history

  • Venus: Goddess of love

  • Vesta: Goddess of the hearth, home, and community

  • Vulcan: God of fire, craftspeople, metalworkers, and artisans

Celtic Deities

  • Dagda: Father God(the good god)

  • Danu(Anu)/Don: Mother Goddess

  • Abarta: Warrior energy(Irish)

  • Aine: Goddess of love and fertility(Irish)

  • Amaethon: God of agriculture(Welsh)

  • Aonghus: God of love(Irish)

  • Badh: Goddess of battle — one of the three faces of Morrigan(Irish)

  • Belenus: Sun god(Welsh/Irish)

  • Bran: God of sea voyages

  • Bran the Blessed: God of the underworld(British)

  • Brigantia: Goddess of the water, war, healing, and prosperity

  • Brigid: Goddess of healing, fertility, poetry, and the forge(Irish)

  • Ceridwen: Goddess of fertility(Welsh)

  • Dian Cecht: God of healing(Irish)

  • Dylan: God of the sea(Welsh)

  • Epona: Goddess of sweet water, fertility, and horses(Welsh)

  • Lir: God of the sea(Irish)

  • Lugh: God of the sun(Irish)

  • Macha: Goddess of war — one of the three faces of the Morrigan

  • Morrigan: Goddess of war; original goddess of the earth and agriculture

  • Nemain: Goddess of war(Irish)

  • Nodens: God of healing(British)

  • Nuada: God of valor

  • Ogma: God of eloquence(British)

  • Rhiannon: Goddess of suffering and patience(Welsh)

  • Scathach: Goddess of martial arts and warrior-princess of the Land of Shadows

  • Taliesin: Prophet and bard(Welsh)

  • Tuatha de Danann: People of the Goddess Dana

Egyptian Deities

  • Amon: First worshipped as a fertility god; rose to prominence for a time as the most important god of Egypt

  • Anath: Mistress of heaven, protector of the king; known for her ferocity

  • Anubis: God of the dead and protection; Input is his female counterpart

  • Anukis: Goddess of water

  • Apis: The Black Bull, symbol of fertility and the undying soul

  • Aten: Sun god who turned in to a monotheistic entity, then lost his footing among the other gods and goddesses

  • Bastet: Goddess of cats, fertility, music, the moon, and protection from evil(associated with Sekhmet)

  • Bes: God of good fortune and protection of pregnant women; Besest is the female side of Bes

  • Geb: God of the Earth

  • Hathor: Goddess of business, beauty, joy, love, harmony, children, and the all-seeing “Eye of Ra”

  • Horus: God of the sky, divine child

  • Hauhet: Goddess of boundless infinity; Hu is her male counterpart

  • Hekat: Goddess of midwifery and childbirth, associated with water

  • Isis: Goddess of All; Divine Mother; partnered with Osiris

  • Ius-a’as: Goddess of creation

  • Ma’at: Goddess of truth

  • Mehet-Weret: Goddess of sky and floods

  • Merit: Goddess of music

  • Min: God of roads, fertility, and agriculture; protector of travelers

  • Neith: Goddess of destiny, war, and the mother of Ra; protector of the dead; bisexual

  • Nekhbet: Primal Mother Goddess; divine nurse

  • Nephthys: Goddess of secrets, initiation, and the dead

  • Nut: Goddess of the sky

  • Osiris: God of vegetation and the dead; rules with Isis

  • Ptah: God of learning, architecture, and building

  • Ra: God of the sun

  • Renenet: Goddess of prosperity and the home

  • Sekhmet: Goddess of protection

  • Selket: Goddess of scorpions, protector of the dead, travelers, and weather

  • Seshat: Goddess of writing and patron of libraries

  • Seth: God of storms and chaos; although unfriendly and cruel, he was respected

  • Shu: Goddess of moisture

  • Sobek: Crocodile God of lakes and protection

  • Taweret: Hippo goddess of childbirth

  • Tefnut: God of air

  • Thoth: God of knowledge, wisdom, and the moon

  • Wadjet: Serpent goddess of protection, children, and the land

  • Wenut: The “swift one” — moves things quickly; hare or serpent

  • Wosret: The powerful woman

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